In case of decay of the living pulp layer in the inner part of the tooth, root canal treatment is applied. This treatment, which can be applied to every tooth, takes place at different times depending on the tooth structure of the person. In cases where the tooth is infected, a prolongation of the treatment period may occur. Endodontic treatment , which protects the health of the mouth and tooth structure and provides an advantage in maintaining the function of the tooth without the need for tooth extraction, gives an aesthetic appearance. Root canal treatment performed by specialist dentists allows people to use their teeth actively for many years.
What is Root Canal Treatment?
Root canal treatment, also called endodontic treatment, means filling, cleaning and shaping the canal space by removing the infected tissue as a result of inflamed or micro-organisms settling for different reasons. Root canal treatment is a healthy method applied in decayed teeth or when the root of the tooth is adversely affected after various traumas. The main purpose of this treatment is to prevent tooth loss, to restore all functions of the tooth and to keep it active in the jawbone.
The structure of the tooth consists of enamel, dentin and pulp layers. The root canal, which is in the structure of every tooth, is the space in the center of the tooth. The soft tissue inside the root canal is called pulp. The pulp, which plays an important role in the nourishment of the tooth, is full of blood vessels and nerves. This treatment, which has been widely used for many years, provides benefits in terms of cleaning the infected layers and restoring the tooth. During root canal treatment, the nerves in the pulp are removed during cleaning. However, after this process, it continues to be used without any problems in the tooth structure. The reason for this is that the nerves in the pulp layer only experience the feeling of cold and hot in adults. The pulp layer has no other important function. When the layers of the tooth are damaged, an increase in the number of bacteria occurs in the tooth. For this reason, the tooth is generally infected. Abscesses can also occur in the teeth, except in the case of infection. Abscess, which is the name given to the pus accumulated in the root of the tooth, can cause tooth and bone loss over time if left untreated.
Fequently Asked Questions
The root canal treatment process depends on the patient’s situation. Generally, 1 or 2 sessions take place. If the tooth is infected, there may be some sessions to make sure it is removed. If there are no complications on the tooth, the treatment is completed in one session.
The dental nerves treated with root canal treatment are not alive. Therefore, the body considers them foreign and causes inflammation. Additionally, local anesthesia is applied to ease the procedure and calm the patient. Therefore, no pain or ache is felt during the treatment. After the treatment, appropriate painkillers may be used for sensitivity relief.
If the root canal treatment is not complete in a single session, the treated tooth should be well taken care of and not used. No food or beverage should be consumed for at least 2 hours after the treatment. Extremely cold and hot foods and drinks should be avoided for a few days.
If root canal treatment is required and not applied, severe toothache would be seen very often. Pain may end when the pulp is completely dead but then the infection can progress and reach the jawbone secretly.
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